Rohilkhand Cancer Institute

Oncology of the Head and Neck

Head and neck cancer (H&N cancer) is a term used to describe a collection of malignancies that develop in the head and neck region (which includes the lip, oral cavity (mouth), nasal cavity, sinuses, pharynx, larynx (voice box), salivary glands, and thyroid). H&N malignancies rank sixth among all cancers worldwide, accounting for around 40% of all cancers in South East Asia, including India. Advances in all branches of Oncology (surgical, radiation, and medical) over the last few decades have made H&N cancer a more understood and controlled problem today.

The symptoms of H&N cancer differ depending on where the illness originated. These may not work at first. Because of this feature, individuals with H&N cancer frequently come with advanced diseases, making annual cancer screening necessary in persons over 40, especially if they are addicted to tobacco and/or alcohol. If any of the following symptoms persist for more than four weeks, a visit to the Head & Neck surgeon is required:

Sloppy speech
Teeth that are loose
Difficulties breathing
Hoarseness/voice change
The thickening of the cheeks
The thickening of the cheeks
Streaking of blood in sputum
Neck lumps that enlarge over time
Swallowing pain and/or difficulties
Inability to properly open the mouth
The inability to protrude one’s tongue
A white or red area on the gums, tongue, or mouthline
Gum swelling that prevents dentures from fitting properly
A sore/ulcer in the mouth/tongue or lip that does not heal
Unusual bleeding, numbness, or discomfort in the mouth or cheek
Swelling in the lower neck’s midline that moves with swallowing
Feeling like something is lodged in your throat/a persistent aching throat
Swelling around and/or under the jaw, possibly with numbness or paralysis on one side of the face Weight reduction




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