Rohilkhand Cancer Institute

Colon Cancer Signs And Symptoms

Colon Cancer Signs And Symptoms - Rohilkhand Cancer Institute | Pet CT Scan in Bareilly

A growth of cells called colon cancer starts in the colon, a section of the large intestine. The first and longest segment of the big intestine is called the colon. The last segment of the digestive system is the large intestine. Food is broken down by the digestive system and used by the body.

Colon cancer can strike anyone at any age, but it usually strikes older persons. Usually, it starts off as little cell clusters inside the colon called polyps. Although most polyps are benign, some may eventually develop into colon cancer.

Polyps frequently show no symptoms. Doctors advise routine screening tests to check for colon polyps because of this. Polyp detection and removal aids in the prevention of colon cancer.

Should colon cancer arise, numerous therapies can aid in its management. Among the treatments include radiation therapy, surgery, and medications like immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.

Colorectal cancer is another name for colon cancer. This phrase refers to cancer that starts in the rectum and includes both colon and rectal cancer.

 

Colon Cancer Signs And Symptoms - Rohilkhand Cancer Institute | Pet CT Scan in Bareilly

 

Signs and symptoms

Many patients with colon cancer initially show no symptoms. Symptoms may probably vary depending on the location and extent of the cancer in the large intestine.

Colon cancer symptoms could consist of:

1 Fatigue or weakness.

2 Reducing weight naturally.

3 Bleeding in the rectum or blood in the stool?

4 Ongoing discomfort in the gut area, such as cramps, gas or pain.

5 A shift in digestive patterns, such as increased frequency of diarrhoea or constipation.

6 A sensation that, during a bowel movement, the intestines does not empty completely.

Causes

What causes the majority of colon cancers is unknown to doctors.

When DNA alterations occur in colon cells, colon cancer results. The instructions that inform a cell what to do are encoded in its DNA. The alterations instruct the cells to proliferate rapidly. When healthy cells naturally die as part of their lifecycle, the modifications allow the cells to live on.

There are too many cells as a result. The cells may aggregate into a mass known as a tumour. Healthy bodily tissue can be invaded by the cells and destroyed. The cells may eventually separate and disperse to other areas of the body. Metastatic cancer is the term for cancer that spreads.

 

Colon Cancer Signs And Symptoms - Rohilkhand Cancer Institute | Pet CT Scan in Bareilly

 

Factors at risk

Older years. Any age can develop colon cancer. However, the majority of colon cancer patients are over 50. The proportion of colon cancer cases in those under 50 has been rising. Physicians do not know why.

The black race. In comparison to other racial groups, black Americans are more likely to develop colon cancer.

A personal history of polyps or colorectal cancer. The risk of colon cancer is increased by prior colon cancer or colon polyps.

Inflammations of the bowels. Inflammatory bowel illnesses, which are conditions that cause swelling and pain in the intestines, can raise the risk of colon cancer. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two of these ailments.

Inherited conditions that raise the risk of colon cancer. Colon cancer risk is increased by certain genetic variations that run in families. The two most prevalent hereditary syndromes that raise the risk of colon cancer are Lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis.

Family history of colon cancer. The chance of colon cancer is increased if one’s blood relative has the disease. The risk is higher if there are multiple family members with colon or rectal cancer.

High-fat, low-fiber diet. A normal Western diet may be associated with rectal and colon cancer. This kind of diet is usually heavy in calories and fat and poor in fibre. The outcomes of this research have been inconsistent. Consuming large amounts of red and processed meat has been linked in certain studies to an increased risk of colon cancer.

Not doing regular exercise. Colon cancer is more common in those who do not exercise. Engaging in regular exercise may help reduce the risk.

Diabetes. Colon cancer risk is higher in those with diabetes or insulin resistance.

Being overweight. Obesity raises the risk of colon cancer in people. Additionally, colon cancer death risk is elevated by obesity.

Smoking. Smokers may be at a higher risk of developing colon cancer.

Consuming alcoholic beverages. Overindulgence in alcohol consumption may raise the risk of colon cancer.

Cancer treated with radiation. Colon cancer risk is increased by radiation therapy used to treat prior abdominal malignancies.

 

Colon Cancer Signs And Symptoms - Rohilkhand Cancer Institute | Pet CT Scan in Bareilly

 

Prevention

Colon cancer screening

Physicians advise those with a typical risk of colon cancer to start screening for the disease about 45 years of age. However, those who are at a higher risk ought to consider beginning screening earlier. Individuals who have a family history of colon cancer are at a higher risk.

A variety of tests are included in the screening process for colon cancer. Discuss your alternatives with your medical team.

Modifications in lifestyle to lower the risk of colon cancer

Modest lifestyle adjustments can lower the risk of colon cancer. To reduce the likelihood of colon cancer:

Consume a range of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Vitamins, minerals, fibre, and antioxidants found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may help prevent cancer. To ensure you receive a range of vitamins and nutrients, choose a selection of fruits and vegetables.

If you use alcohol at all, do it in moderation. If you decide to consume alcohol, try to keep your intake to no more than one drink for women and two for men every day.

Give up smoking. Consult your medical team about quitting strategies.

On most days of the week, work out. Make an effort to exercise for at least half an hour most days. If you haven’t exercised, begin cautiously and increase to 30 minutes over time. Additionally, consult a medical expert prior to beginning an exercise regimen.

Sustain a healthy weight. If your weight is within a healthy range, try to keep it there by eating well and exercising every day. Ask your medical team about healthy approaches to reach your weight loss goals if you need to lose weight. Reduce your calorie intake and increase your physical activity to gradually lose weight.

Preventing colon cancer in those who are at high risk

Certain medications may lower the chance of colon cancer or polyps. For example, there is evidence that regular use of aspirin or aspirin-like medications reduces the incidence of polyps and colon cancer. However, it’s unclear how much and for how long would be required to lower the risk of colon cancer. Daily aspirin use carries certain hazards, such as bleeding in the digestive tract and ulcers.

These choices are typically limited to those who have a high risk of developing colon cancer. Insufficient evidence supports the recommendation of these medications for those with an average risk of colon cancer.

Consult your medical team about your risk factors if you have a higher than average chance of developing colon cancer to see whether taking preventive medication is safe for you.

 

 

 

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