Rohilkhand Cancer Institute

Throat cancer

Cancer that originates in the voice box (larynx) or throat (pharynx) is referred to as throat cancer.

The muscular tube that makes up your throat runs from beneath your nose to the base of your neck. Usually, flat cells lining the inside of the throat are where throat cancer starts.

In addition to being vulnerable to throat cancer, your voice box is located just below your throat. The vocal cords, which vibrate to produce sound when you speak, are located in the cartilage voice box.

Types of throat cancer

The term “throat cancer” refers to cancer that can arise in the voice box (laryngeal cancer) or in the throat (pharyngeal cancer).

Even though the majority of throat cancers involve the same cell types, the exact area of the throat where the cancer started is identified by terminology.

Nasopharynx: the area of your throat directly below your nose is the starting point for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

The oropharynx, which includes your tonsils, is the area of your throat just behind your mouth where oropharyngeal cancer first appears.

Laryngopharyngeal cancer, also known as hypopharyngeal cancer, originates in the hypopharynx, which is the lower portion of the throat located above the oesophagus and windpipe.

Voice cords are where glottic cancer first appears.

Supraglottic cancer starts in the top part of the voice box and involves cancer of the epiglottis, a cartilage flap that prevents food from entering your windpipe.

The bottom part of the voice box, beneath the vocal cords, is where subglottic cancer first appears.


Throat cancer - Rohilkhand Cancer Institute | Pet CT Scan in Bareilly



Among the warning signs and symptoms of throat cancer are:

  • A cough
  • Ear pain
  • A sore throat
  • Weight loss
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • A lump or sore that doesn’t heal
  • Changes in your voice, such as hoarseness or not speaking clearly

When to visit a physician

Schedule a visit with your physician if you experience any persistent new symptoms. Since most symptoms of throat cancer are not unique to the disease, your doctor would probably look into other frequent causes of these symptoms before throat cancer.


Genetic alterations in the cells that make up your throat can lead to throat cancer. Due to these mutations, cells become excessively large and survive long after healthy cells would have stopped. The cells in your throat may build up into a tumour.

The cause of the mutation that results in throat cancer is unknown. Doctors have, however, discovered certain elements that might raise your risk.

Factors at risk


Throat cancer - Rohilkhand Cancer Institute | Pet CT Scan in Bareilly


Your risk of throat cancer may be raised by the following factors:

1 Use of tobacco products, such as cigarettes and chewing gum

2 Overindulgence in alcohol

3 Viral diseases, such as Epstein-Barr virus and human papillomavirus (HPV)

4 GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease

5 Exposure to hazardous materials at work


There is currently no known method to stop throat cancer from developing. However, you can do the following to lower your chance of throat cancer:

Give up smoking or refrain from starting. Give up smoking if you do. Don’t start if you don’t smoke. It might be really hard to quit smoking, so seek assistance. The advantages and disadvantages of various stop smoking methods, including medicine, nicotine replacement therapy, and counselling, can be discussed with your doctor.

If you consume alcohol at all, do it in moderation. If you decide to consume alcohol, do so sparingly. This translates to up to one drink for women and up to two for men per day for healthy individuals.

Opt for a nutritious diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables contain vitamins and antioxidants that may lower your risk of throat cancer. Consume a range of vibrant fruits and vegetables.

Defend against HPV. The human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, is suspected to be the cause of several throat malignancies. By reducing the number of partners you have sex with and using a condom each time, you can lower your risk of HPV. Consult your physician about the HPV vaccine, since it may lower your chance of developing throat cancer and other cancers linked to HPV.






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